C++ If ... Else

C++ Conditions and If Statements

You already know that C++ supports the usual logical conditions from mathematics:

  • Less than: a < b
  • Less than or equal to: a <= b
  • Greater than: a > b
  • Greater than or equal to: a >= b
  • Equal to a == b
  • Not Equal to: a != b

You can use these conditions to perform different actions for different decisions.

C++ has the following conditional statements:

  • Use if to specify a block of code to be executed, if a specified condition is true
  • Use else to specify a block of code to be executed, if the same condition is false
  • Use else if to specify a new condition to test, if the first condition is false
  • Use switch to specify many alternative blocks of code to be executed

The if Statement

Use the if statement to specify a block of C++ code to be executed if a condition is true.


if (condition) {
  // block of code to be executed if the condition is true

Note that if is in lowercase letters. Uppercase letters (If or IF) will generate an error.

In the example below, we test two values to find out if 20 is greater than 18. If the condition is true, print some text:


if (20 > 18) {
  cout << "20 is greater than 18";

We can also test variables:


int x = 20;
int y = 18;
if (x > y) {
  cout << "x is greater than y";

Example explained

In the example above we use two variables, x and y, to test whether x is greater than y (using the > operator). As x is 20, and y is 18, and we know that 20 is greater than 18, we print to the screen that "x is greater than y".

C++ Exercises

Test Yourself With Exercises


Print "Hello World" if x is greater than y.

int x = 50;
int y = 10;
 (x  y) {
  cout << "Hello World";